IAPH-WPSP Port Economic Impact Barometer for week 21 also confirms global trend towards decreasing capacity utilization of liquid and dry bulk storage at ports
In its seventh weekly edition before switching to a new bi-weekly format, the IAPH-WPSP Barometer report confirms that regional differences are becoming increasingly pronounced in terms of the global impact of the COVID19 crisis on ports.
IAPH Managing Director Patrick Verhoeven commented : “Our WPSP COVID19 Task Force members have been giving us a unique insight into the shifting impact of the contagion on ports in different regions of the world. We now see Asian ports fully operational and with promising signs in terms of a recovery. European ports are gradually returning to the “new normal”, whereas ports in regions such as South America and Africa are having to adapt to the contagion which is in many cases now reaching a peak there. For this reason, our co-authors Professors Theo Notteboom and Thanos Pallis have decided that from now on, our IAPH-WPSP Barometer report will focus on comparisons between regions on trends in vessel calls, hinterland intermodal transport to and from ports, port storage capacity utilization and port worker availability. We very much hope to see more ports from the Middle East and Asia participating in the next survey as of 2 June.”
Impact of blanked sailings by container lines and falls in other cargo vessel calls on the rise
Blank sailings, mainly on trade routes with the Far East, are clearly affecting this week’s results for container vessels. About 45% of the ports are reporting that the number of container vessel calls fell by 5 to 25% compared to a normal situation (34% last week), while the share of ports facing a significant drop (in excess of 25%) in container vessels calls reaches 8%, a figure that is about 2 percent below the results of weeks 17, 18 and 20, but much higher than what we could observed in weeks 15 and 16. The share of ports reporting reductions in other cargo vessel calls of more than 25% increased further to 16% (vs. 12 to 15% throughout weeks 16 to 20). Less than half of the ports mention that the number of calls by other cargo vessels is rather stable compared to a normal situation.
In North America, the situation for container vessels calls has rapidly deteriorated in the past weeks (see graph above) : this week already 71% of responding ports witness a 5 to 25% reduction in container vessel calls, a figure that is much higher than the world average.
Nonetheless, some ports in Asia from the WPSP COVID19 Task Force are forecasting a recovery by the end of May and beginning of June in terms of container vessel liner services, which will have a corresponding positive knock-on impact between six to eight weeks later in regions such as Europe and North America. Report co-author Professor Theo Notteboom commented : “We are starting to see some lines re-introduce sailings on the main East-West trades which they had previously shelved. We have also received reports from East Africa of a return of liner services out of Asia this week, which is a positive development.”
Trend in under-utilization of storage capacity persists
More and more ports are reporting under-utilization of liquid bulk storage facilities: 26% this week compared to a 15-23% range in the past six weeks. The share of ports with increased utilisation levels in liquid bulk storage facilities has dropped to 13%, the lowest figure since the start of the survey. A similar development can be seen in the dry bulk sector: 32% of the ports report an under-utilization of facilities compared to a 17-25% range in the past six weeks. The share of ports with increased utilisation levels in dry bulk storage has declined to 10% (also here the lowest figure to date).
North American ports experiencing less hinterland transit delays and better port worker availability
The situation in hinterland transport for North America is on average far less disrupted than what can be observed around the world, particularly for trucks moving in and out of the port areas. Except for rail, the number of ports confronted with disruptions in inland transport has remained below 20% throughout the survey period.
In addition, North American ports generally report few problems on port worker availability (see graph above). The figures for this week are much lower than for the global sample: zero shortages are reported for all port worker categories except for port authority staff, although some fluctuations are observed over the period of observation.
Looking ahead to the next survey, co-author Professor Thanos Pallis commented : “The data we are now collating will not just serve a useful purpose in measuring the immediate impact of the COVID19 virus on ports around the world. As our Task Force colleagues from Asia have taught us with their recent preventive actions, the impact of the Coronavirus is far from over. So it will be vital to collect data moving ahead in order to analyse, map out and mitigate business risk.”
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About IAPH (iaphworldports.org)
Founded in 1955, the International Association of Ports and Harbors (IAPH) is a non-profit-making global alliance of 170 ports and 140 port-related organisations covering 90 countries. Its member ports handle more than 60 percent of global maritime trade and around 80 percent of world container traffic. IAPH has consultative NGO status with several United Nations agencies. In 2018, IAPH established the World Ports Sustainability Program (WPSP). Guided by the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals, it aims to unite sustainability efforts of ports worldwide, encouraging international cooperation between all partners involved in the maritime supply chain. WPSP (sustainableworldports.org) covers five main areas of collaboration: energy transition, resilient infrastructure, safety and security, community outreach and governance.